Why do they call it a cold?
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Why is it that the common cold is called a “cold”? After all, it’s caused by a virus, not by the temperature outside. The term dates back to the time of Hippocrates, when people believed that diseases were caused by the four elements: earth, air, fire, and water. They thought that cold diseases came from the element of water.
A cold is a common viral infection of the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat, sinuses, and larynx. The common cold is usually caused by one of several viruses, the most common being rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). These viruses are spread through the air, and can be contracted by coming into contact with an infected person or object, or by touching your own nose or mouth after coming into contact with an infected person or object. Symptoms of a cold include a runny nose, sneezing, congestion, and a sore throat. Colds are generally mild and resolve on their own, but can lead to more serious respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinus infections. Treatment for a cold is generally supportive, and includes rest, hydration, and over-the-counter medications for symptom relief.
A cold is a virus that can cause a cough, runny nose, and fever. The common cold is usually harmless, but it can be deadly for infants and elderly people. The name “cold” comes from the fact that the virus thrives in cold, damp conditions.