Why do they call it el nino?
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The term “El Nino” refers to the large-scale ocean-atmosphere climate interaction linked to a periodic warming in sea surface temperatures across the central and east-central equatorial Pacific. The warming phase of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific, including the area off the coast of Peru. This oceanic warming creates a feedback response in the overlying atmosphere, resulting in increased cloudiness and rainfall.
There are a few different theories as to how El Nino got its name. One theory is that Peruvian fishermen originally named it El Nino de Navidad, or “the Christ child,” because it typically arrives around Christmas. Another theory is that the name comes from the Spanish term for “the little boy,” because El Nino events were originally associated with a warm pool of water that formed off the coast of Peru. Whatever the origins of the name, El Nino has become a household word in recent years, thanks to its dramatic effects on weather patterns around the world.
The name “El Niño” originates from Spanish-speaking countries along the Pacific coast of South America. The name El Niño, meaning “the little boy” or “the Christ child” in Spanish, refers to the Christ child because this weather pattern typically arrives around Christmas time. El Niño is a naturally occurring phenomenon that takes place every three to seven years and can last up to eighteen months.