Why do they call jesus the son of david?
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In the first verse of the gospel, it emerges that Matthew calls Jesus “the son of David”. It was one kind of preface to the genealogy he is about to write, and possibly, a preface to Matthew’s entire testimony of the Savior.
God promised David the Messiah would come through his genetic line around 1000 BC. Jesus Christ is referred to as the Only Begotten of the Father in the flesh. As Jesus is a literal descendant of David, Mary should be of Davidic Descent. It is also noteworthy that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, the City of David.
As David was a great king of Israel, his descendants were empowered to the throne under the patriarchal order. In this sense, Jesus shared a geographical patronymic with king David. The title “Son of David” with a capital ‘S’ is conserved only to Jesus of Nazareth, usually when asked to perform a miracle.
In the bible, Jesus Christ is mentioned as the “Son of David” 12 times. After being the king of Israel, David delivered Israel from political and religious torture. Hence, it is suitable that the blessed one – The Messiah- indicates the Heavenly King and would eventually carry through all people from sin and death.